[{"title":"Beckford\u2019s Tower","description":"A tower in Bath, built by William Beckford who inherited, and continued to accumulate, wealth from plantations in Jamaica. \r\n\r\nUpdate: Beckford's Tower is now a museum and the Beckford family's links to slavery are explored within the museum displays. According to a statement from Bath Preservation Trust, a development grant awarded by the National Lottery Heritage Fund will enable this narrative to be re-examined and to ensure that the Tower's connections to slavery are conveyed sensitively and appropriately in collaboration with affected communities. ","url":"https:\/\/beckfordstower.org.uk\/","address":"Lansdown Hill","place":"Bath","postcode":"BA1 9BH","lat":"51.407759","lng":"-2.380774"},{"title":"William Gladstone ","description":"\"When Gladstone served as a Tory MP he did speak in opposition to the abolition of the slave trade because his family owned plantations in the Carribean.\r\n\r\nDespite his opposition, slavery was abolished in the British Empire in 1834 and his father was awarded \u00a3106,769 in compensation from the British government for the loss of more than 2,000 slaves that he owned.\"","url":"https:\/\/www.lancs.live\/news\/lancashire-news\/doubts-over-future-blackburns-william-18396506","address":"North Gate ","place":"Blackburn ","postcode":"BB21AA","lat":"53.749748","lng":"-2.486362"},{"title":"RENAMING: Gladstone Hall","description":"'The University of Liverpool has agreed to rename a building named after former prime minister William Gladstone due to his links to the slave trade.\r\n\r\nGladstone spoke out against abolition in Parliament because his family had slaves on plantations in the Caribbean.\r\n\r\nStudents wrote an open letter saying the move would \"show solidarity in the rejection of Black oppression\".'","url":"https:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/news\/uk-england-merseyside-52990464","address":"University of Liverpool","place":"Liverpool","postcode":"L17 1A","lat":"53.389047","lng":"-2.935461"},{"title":"REMOVED: Sir John Cass statue","description":"\"The Sir John Cass's Foundation, established in 1748, arose from the endowment of Sir John Cass whose wealth benefited from his engagement with the slave trade...\r\n\r\nFollowing consultation with our Black Academy and wider students and staff, we have removed the statue of Sir John Cass which was standing within the Education & Communities School Building. We will be instigating a University-wide review of all sources of historic funding together with the development of a new institutional naming policy reflecting our University values\"","url":"https:\/\/www.uel.ac.uk\/news\/2020\/06\/a-statement-about-our-cass-school-of-education-and-communities","address":"Cass School of Education and Communities","place":"Stratford","postcode":"E15 4LZ","lat":51.543438,"lng":0.009896},{"title":"William Gladstone statue","description":"Former prime minister of the UK, William Gladstone strongly opposed the abolition of slavery in 1830s. His father, John Gladstone was one of the largest slave owners in the British empire and William Gladstone helped to get his his father \u201creimbursed\u201d for the 2,508 slaves he \u201cowned\u201d after slavery was abolished across the British empire in 1834 ","url":"https:\/\/en.m.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/William_Ewart_Gladstone","address":"Albert Square","place":"Manchester ","postcode":"M2 5PE ","lat":"53.478849","lng":"-2.245654"},{"title":"Tate House, Battersea Court, University of Surrey","description":"Student accommodation named after the Tate family the sugar merchants. Raw sugar imported from the British Caribbean by the Tate or Lyle companies in the post-slavery era would have been from estates established under slavery but worked at that point by wage-labourers and, in the case of British Guiana and Trinidad, by indentured labour, a system which lasted into the early 20th century.\r\nThe link to Tate for the university is from the original Battersea Polytechnic funded by Tate's money derived from slave labour.","url":"http:\/\/antislavery.ac.uk\/items\/show\/765","address":"University of Surrey","place":"Guildford","postcode":"GU2 7XH","lat":"51.242685","lng":"-0.587936"},{"title":"John Nicholson Statue","description":"Nicholson's defining moment was his crucial role and death while suppressing the Indian Mutiny of 1857, which gained him infamy in India for his ruthlessness in crushing the rebellion.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/John_Nicholson_(East_India_Company_officer)","address":"Royal School","place":"Dungannon","postcode":"BT716EG","lat":"54.501435","lng":"-6.762051"},{"title":"Bomber Harris Memorial","description":"Sir Arthur Travers Harris, 1. Baronet GCB OBE AFC, was a colonial warmonger in Rhodesia and responsible for the area bombardment of civilian villages in Mesopotamia in the early 1920s. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Sir_Arthur_Harris,_1st_Baronet#Inter-war_years","address":"1dh, 265 Strand, Temple","place":"London","postcode":" WC2R 1DH","lat":"51.513183","lng":"-0.113882"},{"title":"Onslow Arboretum","description":"A park in Guildford named after Thomas Lord Onslow, 2nd Baron (1679-1740). In a 1739 list of sugar plantations, the Onslow family possessed nearly 2,000 acres of Jamaican land, though they only planted on some 300 acres.\r\n\r\nThomas Lord Onslow\u2019s marriage in 1708 to a Jamaican heiress, Elizabeth Knight, was extremely advantageous. Knight\u2019s uncle, Charles, was a wealthy plantation owner and along with shipmaster Richard Creed, he had a \u00a32,000 bond to King William and Queen Mary, agreeing to provide a cargo of sugar, tobacco, cotton wool and various dyes to the port of Berwick-upon-Tweed.\r\n\r\nThe 1708 marriage settlement put the Whitehall plantation into Onslow family ownership, though not until 1709 when Elizabeth was 21 and could be released from her guardian to become an executor of her father\u2019s will.\r\n\r\nThe Onslow records contain a grant of annuity of \u00a3100 from George Lord Onslow and Cranley and another party, to Alexander Higginson, and the Whitehall plantation is added to a list of holdings leased to trustees in the deed\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.exploringsurreyspast.org.uk\/themes\/subjects\/black_history\/surrey\/slave-plantations\/","address":"Manor Way","place":"Guildford","postcode":"GU2 7RP","lat":"51.231468","lng":"-0.604571"},{"title":"Onslow Street","description":"A street in Guildford named after Thomas Lord Onslow, 2nd Baron (1679-1740). In a 1739 list of sugar plantations, the Onslow family possessed nearly 2,000 acres of Jamaican land, though they only planted on some 300 acres.\r\n\r\nThomas Lord Onslow\u2019s marriage in 1708 to a Jamaican heiress, Elizabeth Knight, was extremely advantageous. Knight\u2019s uncle, Charles, was a wealthy plantation owner and along with shipmaster Richard Creed, he had a \u00a32,000 bond to King William and Queen Mary, agreeing to provide a cargo of sugar, tobacco, cotton wool and various dyes to the port of Berwick-upon-Tweed.\r\n\r\nThe 1708 marriage settlement put the Whitehall plantation into Onslow family ownership, though not until 1709 when Elizabeth was 21 and could be released from her guardian to become an executor of her father\u2019s will.\r\n\r\nThe Onslow records contain a grant of annuity of \u00a3100 from George Lord Onslow and Cranley and another party, to Alexander Higginson, and the Whitehall plantation is added to a list of holdings leased to trustees in the deed ","url":"https:\/\/www.exploringsurreyspast.org.uk\/themes\/subjects\/black_history\/surrey\/slave-plantations\/","address":"Onslow Street","place":"Guildford","postcode":"GU1 4RS","lat":"51.238545","lng":"-0.575463"},{"title":"The Onslow Arms","description":"A pub in Guildford named after Thomas Lord Onslow, 2nd Baron (1679-1740). In a 1739 list of sugar plantations, the Onslow family possessed nearly 2,000 acres of Jamaican land, though they only planted on some 300 acres.\r\n\r\nThomas Lord Onslow\u2019s marriage in 1708 to a Jamaican heiress, Elizabeth Knight, was extremely advantageous. Knight\u2019s uncle, Charles, was a wealthy plantation owner and along with shipmaster Richard Creed, he had a \u00a32,000 bond to King William and Queen Mary, agreeing to provide a cargo of sugar, tobacco, cotton wool and various dyes to the port of Berwick-upon-Tweed.\r\n\r\nThe 1708 marriage settlement put the Whitehall plantation into Onslow family ownership, though not until 1709 when Elizabeth was 21 and could be released from her guardian to become an executor of her father\u2019s will.\r\n\r\nThe Onslow records contain a grant of annuity of \u00a3100 from George Lord Onslow and Cranley and another party, to Alexander Higginson, and the Whitehall plantation is added to a list of holdings leased to trustees in the deed ","url":"https:\/\/www.exploringsurreyspast.org.uk\/themes\/subjects\/black_history\/surrey\/slave-plantations\/","address":"The Onslow Arms, The Street, West Clandon","place":"Guildford","postcode":"GU4 7TE","lat":"51.262445","lng":"-0.503978"},{"title":"Redvers Buller Road","description":"Named for the British officer who was involved in the concentration camp policy of the Second Boer War. See also the former barracks also named for Buller nearby in Aldershot.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Redvers_Buller","address":"North Camp","place":"Aldershot","postcode":"GU11 2EG","lat":"51.270655","lng":"-0.737547"},{"title":"Hotham Park","description":"Named after East India Company ships owner Sir Richard Hotham. \"Around 1760 he extended his interests to charted shipping with the East India Company. His role at the East India Company was as a Ship\u2019s Husband with the responsibility for the manning and maintenance of four ships under his control. He is later described as a Principal Managing Owner of a number of ships including the East Indiaman.\"","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Richard_Hotham","address":"Hotham Park","place":"Bognor Regis","postcode":"PO21 1HW","lat":"50.786644","lng":"-0.667181"},{"title":"Monument to Henry Moreton Dyer","description":"Henry Moreton Dyer. Owner of several estates in Antigua from the 1760s onward. Accused of bribery in relation to his son who would go on to inherit the plantation and became Vice sergeant of the peace in Northern Ireland. St Marylebone Parish Church.","url":"https:\/\/www.ucl.ac.uk\/lbs\/person\/view\/1234","address":"17 Marylebone Rd, Marylebone ","place":"London","postcode":"NW1 5LT","lat":51.522838,"lng":-0.151539},{"title":"Monument to Edward Hampson Wynter","description":"Owner of plantations in Jamaica in the 1780s. Requested more military and naval protection of Colonies in the West Indies. His estate was inherited by his son William Wynter.","url":"https:\/\/www.ucl.ac.uk\/lbs\/person\/view\/2146645297","address":"Battersea Church Rd, Battersea","place":"London","postcode":"SW11 3NA","lat":51.47655,"lng":-0.175444},{"title":"Sir Henry Tate ","description":"Bronze bust commemorating Sir Henry Tate whose wealth and philanthropy is inextricably tied to colonial slavery. The statue is sited directly outside the Brixton Tate Library, which opened in 1893, funded by Tate. The library should also be renamed.","url":"http:\/\/antislavery.ac.uk\/items\/show\/765","address":"Windrush Square","place":"Brixton","postcode":"SW2 1JQ","lat":"51.461103","lng":"-0.114749"},{"title":"East India Club House","description":"Club house founded by the East India Company, who were involved in the slave trade.\r\n\r\nThe East India Company was involved in the East African slave trade but also collected slaves from the West Coast of Africa for its settlements in South and East Africa and in India and Asia.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/East_India_Club","address":"16 St James's Square","place":"London","postcode":"SW1Y 4LH","lat":51.507087,"lng":-0.136455},{"title":"Plaque commemorating suppression of slave revolt in Jamaica 1760","description":"Plaque facing you when you enter St Peter\u2019s Church, Dorchester, commemorating the actions of one John Gordon in suppressing a slave revolt.\r\n\"He was signally instrumental\r\nIn quelling a dangerous Rebellion in that Island,\r\nIn the Year 1760.\r\nA large Body of NEGROES\r\nWhom his BRAVERY had repulsed Finally Yeilding\r\nTo their Confidence in his HUMANITY.\"\r\n\r\nNo commemoration can be taken at face value of course. \r\nSome facts that are known:\r\n\u2022\tGordon was a significant slave owner. His will bequeaths land and slaves to be sold off, and his estate probated in 1775 lists 416 slaves.\r\n\u2022\tThe revolts of 1760 (the main one known as Tacky\u2019s revolt) were brutally and murderously supressed. Between 400 and 500 slaves died. \r\n\u2022\tAnother 500 slaves were sold elsewhere (in order to break up any kinship they might have).\r\n\u2022\tWe don\u2019t know what part Gordon played personally in the suppression, but the plaque suggests it was significant.","url":"https:\/\/www.facebook.com\/photo.php?fbid=1554421161400685&set=p.1554421161400685&type=3&theater","address":"St Peter's Church, High Street","place":"Dorchester","postcode":"DT1 1XA","lat":"50.715674","lng":"-2.437343"},{"title":"Blairquhan Castle","description":"The castle was funded by payouts that were given out to former slave owners, from the loss of income following the abolishment of the slave trade. ","url":"https:\/\/www.independent.co.uk\/news\/uk\/home-news\/the-stately-homes-built-on-the-back-of-slaves-8518002.html","address":"Blairquhan Castle","place":"Straiton ","postcode":"Ka19 7ly ","lat":"55.314816","lng":"-4.563966"},{"title":"Sir Henry Tate","description":"Bust of Sir Henry Tate, the sugar merchant. Raw sugar imported from the British Caribbean by the Tate or Lyle companies in the post-slavery era would have been from estates established under slavery but worked at that point by wage-labourers and, in the case of British Guiana and Trinidad, by indentured labour, a system which lasted into the early 20th century.","url":"https:\/\/www.tate.org.uk\/about-us\/history-tate\/tate-galleries-and-slavery","address":"Brixton Oval","place":"London","postcode":"SW2 1JQ","lat":51.461103,"lng":-0.114749},{"title":"The Beckford Arms","description":"Pub named after William Beckford who enslaved 3,000 for sugar plantations in Jamaica.","url":"http:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/wiltshire\/content\/articles\/2007\/03\/06\/abolition_fonthill_abbey_feature.shtml","address":"Fonthill Gifford","place":"Salisbury","postcode":"SP3 6PX ","lat":"51.080365","lng":"-2.100791"},{"title":"Colin Campbell (Field Marshal Lord Clyde)","description":"As Brigade Major under Governor Major General John Murray of Demerara-Essequibo in Guyana, Campbell was instrumental in crushing the 1823 slave uprising at Demerara-Essequibo. Quamina, the leader of the uprising and a hero of modern Guyana, was executed along with other ring leaders, and their bodies were left by the roadside, their rotting heads on poles or corpses in chains, as a warning to other slaves. Campbell later left the crushing of the slave uprising out of his personal memoirs, in an attempt to evade abolitionist scrutiny. \r\n\r\nMuch later in his career, Campbell was appointed Commander-in-Chief of India and quelled the 1857 Indian Mutiny, ushering in a decade during which millions of Indians died to British reprisals and to adverse infrastructural conditions resulting in widespread famine as a result of the ruthlessness with which the Mutiny had been suppressed. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Colin_Campbell,_1st_Baron_Clyde","address":"Waterloo Place, near Piccadilly","place":"London, England","postcode":"SW1Y 5ER","lat":"51.506839","lng":"-0.132733"},{"title":"Captain Cook Memorial Museum","description":"The first encounter between M\u0101ori and Captain Cook and his crew ended in the murder and brutalising of nine T\u016branaga-nui-a-kiwa ancestors. In 1779, Captain Cook was killed after his attempt to kidnap a Hawai\u2019ian king. This museum is purely celebratory, with no criticisms of Cook made.","url":"https:\/\/thespinoff.co.nz\/atea\/05-10-2019\/maori-and-pacific-voices-on-tuia-250-whose-history-are-we-celebrating-again\/","address":"Grape Ln","place":"Whitby","postcode":"YO22 4BA","lat":"54.48693","lng":"-0.612023"},{"title":"John Lawrence","description":"Sir John Lawrence was the first Governor of the Punjab after its annexation in 1849, and subsequently Viceroy and Governor-General of British India (1864-1869). This statue in Waterloo Place, London, glorifies the role played by Lawrence in the suppression of the Indian Mutiny of 1857 when he was \"Ruler of the Punjaub\" Lawrence was blamed for Government neglect that led to famines in which more than 2 million people died as British power was consolidated in India. Lawrence is buried in Westminster Abbey, where a bust and further inscriptions stand near his grave.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/John_Lawrence,_1st_Baron_Lawrence","address":"Waterloo Place","place":"London","postcode":"SW1","lat":"51.477517","lng":"-0.17973"},{"title":"Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale","description":"Governor of Southern Rhodesia from 1942 to 1944, High Commissioner for Southern Africa from 1944 to 1951, and Governor of Kenya from 1952 to 1959. Baring played an integral role in the suppression of the Mau Mau uprising. Together with Colonial Secretary Alan Lennox-Boyd, Baring played a significant role in the government's efforts to keep the abuses carried out during the suppression of the Mau Mau revolt from the British public.\r\n\r\nHe has a plaque here that refers to him only as a 'colonial administrator.' This should be expanded on greatly, to say the least!","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Evelyn_Baring,_1st_Baron_Howick_of_Glendale","address":"38 Wimpole St","place":"London","postcode":"W1G 8SF","lat":"51.519871","lng":"-0.149281"},{"title":"William Gladstone","description":"Former PM and son of major plantation owner who profited from and owes wealth to enslaved people. Defended huge compensation package for slave owners - his father is estimated to have received the largest of all payments - equivalent to \u00a383m today. This specific statue is also said to have been paid for by docking pay from the match factory workers who protested at the unveiling.","url":"https:\/\/www.londonremembers.com\/memorials\/gladstone-statue-at-bow-church","address":"Bromley High St., Bow","place":"London","postcode":"E3 2SH","lat":"51.52878","lng":"-0.018143"},{"title":"Rhodes House","description":"Building named for Cecil Rhodes, self-avowed white supremacist who imposed colonial regimes in what is now Zimbabwe and Zambia. There is a bust of Rhodes in the entrance hall.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Rhodes_House","address":"South Parks Road","place":"Oxford","postcode":"OX1 3RG","lat":"51.757607","lng":"-1.25499"},{"title":"Samuel Jeffries Church plaque","description":"The Nave of St Swithun's church contains a plaque dedicated to Samuel Jeffries, owner of the 600 acre Windsor Estate in Westmoreland, Jamaica. He owned almost 300 slaves. The inscription reads\r\n\r\n\"Sacred to the memory of Samuel Jeffries Esquire - He passed the greatest and most active part of his life in the parish of Westmoreland, in the island of Jamaica, where he was held in great esteem and respect by all the community. ","url":"https:\/\/www.ucl.ac.uk\/lbs\/person\/view\/1301937073","address":"St Swithun's Church","place":"East Grinstead","postcode":"RH19","lat":"51.125872","lng":"-0.009743"},{"title":"Statue of Viscount Combermere","description":"Statue of slave owner on horseback, prominent location on main road into Chester after crossing Grosvenor Bridge, outside council offices, courts, and Chester Castle.\r\n\r\nHe was compensated for the loss of his 420 slaves at the time of abolition.","url":"https:\/\/www.cheshire-live.co.uk\/news\/chester-cheshire-news\/chester-cheshires-shameful-links-slave-18390405","address":"Equestrian Statue of Viscount Combermere, Grosvenor Road","place":"Chester","postcode":"CH1 2DJ","lat":53.186416,"lng":-2.894438},{"title":"Fyrish Monument ","description":"A monument built in 1782 on Fyrish Hill funded by Hector Munro.\r\n\r\nHector was of the upper class, he joined the army and was an oppressor of Jacobite rebels in his early days, then he went to war in India. He was a Major in the army, in the racist war in India. Then he became a member of parliament, while he mostly stayed in India making money. He returned to take command of the East India trading company. \r\n\r\nWhen he returned he used this money to fund the monument to give locals work, essentially using money he has earned from oppression to put a big monument to that on top of a large hill in the area. It can be seen for miles and is a reminder to everyone who sees it of the shame of our past.","url":"https:\/\/en.m.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Hector_Munro,_8th_laird_of_Novar","address":"Highlands of Scotland","place":"Alness","postcode":"IV17 0XJ","lat":57.72559,"lng":-4.34473},{"title":"Wills Hall","description":"Henry Overton Wills III profited from slavery through his family's tobacco firm. In addition to the Wills Memorial Building at Bristol Uni, there is a halls of residence named after him. I lived there as a fresher. Never any mention of his links to slavery and petition to have it and the Mem renamed failed. ","url":"https:\/\/www.theguardian.com\/uk-news\/shortcuts\/2017\/mar\/29\/bristol-university-wills-memorial-building-escape-legacy-of-slavery","address":"Wills Hall, Parrys Lane","place":"Bristol","postcode":"Bs91ae","lat":"51.478548","lng":"-2.622742"},{"title":"Statue of John Cass","description":"John Cass was an English slave trader, merchant, and politician who acquired a significant part of his wealth through the trade and exploitation of slaves.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/John_Cass","address":"31 Jewry Street","place":"London","postcode":"EC3","lat":"51.513273","lng":"-0.080601"},{"title":"Crisp Road","description":"Crisp Road was named after the slave trader and bead manufacturer Sir Nicholas Crisp. Crisp's main commercial interests were in the trades to India & Africa. Like his father, he was a substantial stockholder in the East India Company, and throughout his twenties he imported a wide variety of commodities, including cloves, indigo, silks, pepper, elephant tusks, calicoes, and shells. The shells were specially purchased on his behalf by the company's agents and it is thought that they were used to finance the purchase of slaves in west Africa.","url":"http:\/\/www.antislavery.ac.uk\/items\/show\/862","address":"Crisp Road","place":"Hammersmith ","postcode":"W69RL","lat":51.488638,"lng":-0.227038},{"title":"Uncle Mack's Plaque","description":"Plaque commemorating 'Uncle Mack', who led a minstrel band in the 1930s. It states that he brought 'joy and laughter to young and old', but he did that through blackface and mockery of black culture. \r\n\r\nThe council's position is now: \"This plaque has been covered as the council is now reviewing the status of statues and commemorations within the district.\"","url":"https:\/\/www.kentonline.co.uk\/thanet\/news\/plaque-to-minstrel-performer-under-review-after-campaign-228672\/","address":"Victoria Parade","place":"Broadstairs ","postcode":"CT10 1QS","lat":"51.357621","lng":"1.441909"},{"title":"Colston Road","description":"This street is named after notorious slaver Edward Colston and should be renamed. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Edward_Colston","address":"Colston Road","place":"London","postcode":"E7 8QD","lat":"51.54408","lng":"0.043023"},{"title":"Lord Kitchener statue","description":"Oversaw the \"scorched earth policy\"and interment of over 100,000 Boer and Black African civilians in concentration camps during the Anglo-Boer war. About 1 in 6 prisoners died. The Black victims were used as forced labour and didn't even have a memorial until 1999.","url":"https:\/\/en.m.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/British_concentration_camps#Kitchener's_policy_and_the_post-war_debate","address":"South side of Horse Guards Parade","place":"London","postcode":"SW1A 2AA","lat":51.50354,"lng":-0.127695},{"title":"Cass Business School ","description":"Sir John Cass was a major figure in the early development of the slave trade and the Atlantic slave economy, directly dealing with slave agents in the African forts and in the Caribbean","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/John_Cass","address":"106 Bunhill Row","place":"London","postcode":"EC1Y 8TZ","lat":"51.522084","lng":"-0.090422"},{"title":"General Sir Thomas Picton (Gov)","description":"Haverfordwest is the Bithplace of General Sir Thomas Picton who was also known as the beast of Trinidad and Tobago as he brutally served as governor from 1797-1803, Torturing as he went. \r\nA blue plaque at postcode and various references such as a school, pubs and streets. ","url":"https:\/\/www.naomiclifford.com\/thomas-picton-louisa-calderon-torture\/","address":"Dragon House Hill Street","place":"Haverfordwest ","postcode":"Sa611QE","lat":51.798704,"lng":-4.971278},{"title":"Henry Bartle Frere statue","description":"High Commissioner for South Africa, invaded and massacred Zululand after annexing Transkei and suppressing the Xhosa; then started First Boer War (where Britain invented the concentration camp), later the 'Basutoland Gun War' to disarm wha tis now Botswana. He was recalled for misconduct both in SA and earlier in Afghanistan -- no idea why there is a statue in his honour.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Henry_Bartle_Frere","address":"Victoria Embankment","place":"London","postcode":"SW1A 2HE","lat":51.506041,"lng":-0.123846},{"title":"Horatio Nelson Memorial Statue ","description":"Statue of Nelson on the Isle of Anglesey. Beneath the statue are the words \u2018England expects that every man will do his duty\u2019. Admiral Nelson was a vocal supporter of the slave trade and British imperialism. He attempted to use his influence to thwart the abolitionist movement. Writing in 1805 that while he had a tongue, he would, \"launch my voice against the damnable and cursed doctrine of Wilberforce and his hypocritical allies\".","url":"https:\/\/www.theguardian.com\/commentisfree\/2017\/aug\/22\/toppling-statues-nelsons-column-should-be-next-slavery","address":"Menai Strait","place":"Llanfairpwllgwyngyll","postcode":"LL61 6AD","lat":"53.218473","lng":"-4.191607"},{"title":"Macquarie Musem and Mausoleum","description":"Major General Lachlan Macquarie was the Governor of New South Wales from 1810-1821. In 1816 he ordered a punitive expedition against indigenous Australian peoples that led to the Appin Massacre of the Gundungurra and Dharawal people. Soldiers used their horses to drive an unknown number of men, women and children over cliffs to their deaths at two separate locations. 14 people were shot dead. Following his actions an English Judge (John Bigge) wrote a report that eventually led to Macquarie's resignation, and recommended that no governor be permitted to act like an autocrat again. In an appalling example of colonialism the Museum displays refer to him as the 'Father of Australia'. ","url":"https:\/\/www.isle-of-mull.net\/attractions\/history\/macquaries-mausoleum\/","address":"Gruline, Isle of Mull","place":"Argyll & Bute","postcode":"PA71 6HS","lat":56.482476,"lng":-5.977915},{"title":"H M Stanley Obelisk ","description":"From article, WalesOnline 02\/06\/11, updated 22\/03\/13:-\r\n \u2018The obelisk...features symbols showing a timeline of Stanley\u2019s life, including a snake wrapped around it from the bottom to the top with a Congolese effigy at its summit.\u2019","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/denbighshire-county-council-remove-st-asaph-hm-stanley-statue","address":"","place":"St Asaph ","postcode":"LL17","lat":53.271126,"lng":-3.420684},{"title":"Sir Clive of India","description":"A statue in Shrewsbury town centre, honouring Clive of India. \r\nClive\u2019s role in colonising India was in part responsible for the Bengal famine, which claimed the lives of over 10 million people. ","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/shropshire-council-bring-down-racist-clive-statue-in-shrewsbury-square","address":"Mardol Head","place":"Shrewsbury ","postcode":"SY1 1SS","lat":52.707883,"lng":-2.753732},{"title":"Captain Cook Statue, Whitby","description":"Captain Cook claimed lands in New Zealand in the name of colonialism and killed M\u0101oris in the process.","url":"https:\/\/e-tangata.co.nz\/comment-and-analysis\/james-cook-and-our-monuments-to-colonisation\/","address":"","place":"Whitby","postcode":"YO21 3HA","lat":54.490028,"lng":-0.616949},{"title":"Bust of Alfred Beit","description":"Alfred Beit was an imperialist who made his wealth through the exploration of indigenous South Africans in gold and diamond mining. He was also involved in a conflict which led to the Second Boer War. Beit was a close friend of another British Imperialist, Cecil Rhodes, whom he supported financially and strategically. He donated money to several higher education institutions and initiatives, including Imperial College London where his bust is displayed outside the Royal School of Mines building. Beit is further commemorated with the naming of Beit Hall, a student residence at Imperial College London.","url":"https:\/\/www.felixonlinesummer.uk\/comment\/09-06-2020-black-lives-matter-beits-legacy-doesnt","address":"Royal School of Mines, Prince Consort Road, Imperial College London","place":"London","postcode":"SW7 2AZ","lat":51.498317,"lng":-0.176923},{"title":"Sir John Cass","description":"Statue of director of the Royal African Company. There's also a replica on Old Jewry (EC2).","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/John_Cass","address":"Guildhall Old Library","place":"London","postcode":"EC2V7HH","lat":"51.515568","lng":"-0.091634"},{"title":"George Kinloch Statue","description":"Statue of former Dundee MP who was also a slaveowner in Jamaica ","url":"https:\/\/www.ucl.ac.uk\/lbs\/person\/view\/2146652719","address":"Albert Square","place":"Dundee","postcode":"DD1 1DA","lat":56.462616,"lng":-2.970728},{"title":"Beit Quad","description":"The main square at Imperial College is named after Alfred Beit, Rhodes' \"silent partner\". Just as Oxford must drop Rhodes, Imperial needs to get rid of Beit","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Alfred_Beit","address":"2 Prince Consort Rd, Kensington, ","place":"London ","postcode":"SW7 2BB","lat":51.500459,"lng":-0.178177},{"title":"Southern Rhodesia memorial avenue","description":"Memorial Walk and plaque commemorating the apartheid regime in Rhodesia. Annual Rhodesia flag raising ceremony ","url":"https:\/\/thenorwichradical.com\/2019\/01\/21\/rhodesia-in-norfolk-and-the-dangers-of-britains-imperial-amnesia\/","address":"Southrepps, Norfolk. ","place":"Southrepps ","postcode":"NR11","lat":"52.793962","lng":"1.250346"},{"title":"Captain Cook Square","description":"Outdoor shopping centre","url":"https:\/\/thespinoff.co.nz\/atea\/05-10-2019\/maori-and-pacific-voices-on-tuia-250-whose-history-are-we-celebrating-again\/","address":"Captain Cook Square","place":"Middlesbrough","postcode":"TS1 5UA","lat":"54.575785","lng":"-1.238415"},{"title":"The Resolution","description":"Pub named after one of Captain Cook's ships. Has paintings of Cook around the building. Part of JD Wetherspoons chain","url":"https:\/\/thespinoff.co.nz\/atea\/05-10-2019\/maori-and-pacific-voices-on-tuia-250-whose-history-are-we-celebrating-again\/","address":"19 Newport Crescent","place":"Middlesbrough","postcode":"TS1 5UA","lat":"54.575785","lng":"-1.238415"},{"title":"James Cook University Hospital","description":"Hospital - previously called South Cleveland Hospital - was renamed in honour of Cook who was born in the same parish.","url":"https:\/\/www.southtees.nhs.uk\/hospitals\/james-cook\/","address":"Marton Road","place":"Middlesbrough","postcode":"TS4 3BW","lat":54.551755,"lng":-1.214805},{"title":"Christopher Columbus statue","description":"\r\nStatue of Christopher Columbus outside the Sefton Park Palm House in Liverpool. Columbus established the first European colony in the Americas, and was known for his cruel and tyrannical rule, including the enslavement and genocide of indigenous populations.","url":"http:\/\/chng.it\/xVZ7qfmG","address":"Sefton Park Palm House","place":"Liverpool ","postcode":"L17 1AP","lat":53.383436,"lng":-2.939157},{"title":"Captain Cook's Crescent","description":"Road name","url":"https:\/\/thespinoff.co.nz\/atea\/05-10-2019\/maori-and-pacific-voices-on-tuia-250-whose-history-are-we-celebrating-again\/","address":"Captain Cook's Crescent","place":"Middlesbrough","postcode":"TS7 8NJ","lat":"54.529944","lng":"-1.191767"},{"title":"Stanley obelisk st Asaph","description":"A recently created obelisk to Stanley (2011) which gathered resistance at the time\r\nBelow from BBC News\r\n\r\nA Congolese effigy sits at the top of the pole which reflects the time Stanley spent in the Congo and his famous greeting, \"Dr Livingstone, I presume?\" in 1871.\r\nAnother statue unveiled outside Denbigh Library in March received planning approval, despite a letter signed by 50 prominent figures claiming the explorer was guilty of crimes against humanity.","url":"https:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/news\/uk-wales-north-east-wales-15007700","address":"High Street","place":"St Asaph","postcode":"LL17 0RF","lat":53.2572,"lng":-3.443804},{"title":"Thomas Picton Statue","description":"A statue of Thomas Picton, a slave owner and Governor of Trinidad, in a hall of Welsh 'heroes' in City Hall in Cardiff. Not only was he a slave owner, but came under scrutiny even in those times for his torture and abuse, he was even convicted, though this was later overturned. \r\n\r\nThink it can be agreed he is no hero. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Thomas_Picton","address":"City Hall, King Edward VII Avenue","place":"Cardiff","postcode":"CF10 3ND","lat":51.485148,"lng":-3.178659},{"title":"Nelson Monument, Great Yarmouth","description":"Admiral nelson was a vocal supporter of the slave trade and british imperialism. He attempted to use his influence to thwart the abolitionist movement. Writing in 1805 that while he had a tongue, he would, \"launch my voice against the damnable and cursed doctrine of Wilberforce and his hypocritical allies\".","url":"https:\/\/www.theguardian.com\/commentisfree\/2017\/aug\/22\/toppling-statues-nelsons-column-should-be-next-slavery","address":"Fenner Road","place":"Great Yarmouth","postcode":"NR30 3PX","lat":"52.587826","lng":"1.733192"},{"title":"Statue of William Beckford in the Guildhall ","description":"A statue of William Beckford stands in the Guildhall. This statue depicts Beckford as a libertarian and philanthropist whilst MP for London and Lord Mayor of London. However, Beckford\u2019s inherited estate in Jamaica consisted of thirteen sugar plantations, and approximately 3000 slaves. ","url":"https:\/\/londongeographies.com\/migration\/the-statue-of-william-beckford-guildhall?fbclid=IwAR1r56SN_7YwMzq4YKHXvQmcOFCOcgohIr6Lf4pP4PbpaIVhJ3Lzbb99Fmc","address":"The Guildhall ","place":"London","postcode":"EC2V 7HH","lat":51.515568,"lng":-0.091634},{"title":"REMOVED: Kneeling African (slave) sundial at Dunham Massey","description":"In front of the main entrance to Dunham Massey (Cheshire) - one of the most popular visitor attractions in the Greater Manchester area - there's a lifesize lead statue of a kneeling African holding a sundial above his head. I believe that statue has been in place since the mid 1700s. I have read some mealy-mouthed revisionist accounts of the statue not being racist or offensive, with historical context and a flexible reading of its significance - but, this is a rendering of a black African, kneeling before a grand country house, the erstwhile property of a landed aristocrat and undoubtedly represents subjugation and ownership. ","url":"https:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/news\/uk-england-manchester-53011156","address":"National Trust - Dunham Massey, Cheshire ","place":"Altrincham","postcode":"WA14 4SJ","lat":"53.382613","lng":"-2.400307"},{"title":"REMOVED: The Black Boy pub sign","description":"A caricature of a young black male on the sign for the pub \"The Black Boy\" in East Retford. \r\n\r\n'Louise Presley, who runs the Black Boy pub in Retford, Nottinghamshire, said ... she removed it to avoid upsetting anyone or causing a disturbance in the town.\r\n\r\nMrs Presley said it was a \"shame\" but recognised it might be time to replace the sign.'","url":"https:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/news\/uk-england-nottinghamshire-53024299","address":"14 Moorgate ","place":"Retford","postcode":"DN22 6RH","lat":"53.325706","lng":"-0.939517"},{"title":"Captain Cook Statue","description":"James Cook invaded Australia just over 250 years ago. He claimed possession over the entire nation even though it clearly belonged to the people already there. What followed was 250 of genocidal activities and policies based on race that murdered thousands of women, men and children. Captain Cook symbolises racial oppression and violence. It must be removed.","url":"https:\/\/thespinoff.co.nz\/atea\/05-10-2019\/maori-and-pacific-voices-on-tuia-250-whose-history-are-we-celebrating-again\/","address":"The Mall, Westminster","place":"London ","postcode":"SW1A 2WH","lat":"51.506748","lng":"-0.128688"},{"title":"Tarleton Street Liverpool","description":"Named after the brutal General Sir Banastre Tarleton. A key figure in the Liverpool slave economy and schemed to impede the Abolition of Slavery","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Banastre_Tarleton","address":"1 Tarleton Street","place":"Liverpool","postcode":"L1 1DF","lat":53.405686,"lng":-2.983525},{"title":"Lord Nelson Statue","description":"Supported slavery with his long-standing friend and trader of over 2,000 slaves, Simon Taylor, who also actively protested the abolishing of slavery. A known white supremacist, who benefited from racism in his day.","url":"https:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/news\/uk-england-norfolk-41016481","address":"65 The Close","place":"Norwich","postcode":"NR1 4DH","lat":52.630851,"lng":1.301231},{"title":"de la Beche Street and de la Beche Road","description":"Two streets in Swansea, named after the slave plantation owning de la Beche family","url":"https:\/\/www.ucl.ac.uk\/lbs\/person\/view\/2146633718","address":"de la Beche Street, ","place":"Swansea ","postcode":"SA1 3EU","lat":"51.621729","lng":"-3.946298"},{"title":"Merchant Venturers Building","description":"Named after the Merchant Venturers Society which was heavily involved in the slave trade and both erected and defended the toppled statue of Edward Colston. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Society_of_Merchant_Venturers#:~:text=The%20society%20began%20surreptitious%20trading,of%20Bristol%2C%20especially%20Bristol%20Harbour.","address":"75 Woodland Road","place":"Bristol","postcode":"Bs8 1ub","lat":"51.455848","lng":"-2.603075"},{"title":"Melville Monument, Comrie, Perthshire. ","description":"A large obelisk atop Dunmore hill overlooking the village of Comrie Erected as a memorial to Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, (28 April 1742 \u2013 28 May 1811) a Scottish advocate and Tory politician. He was the first Secretary of State for War and became, in 1806, the last person to be impeached in the United Kingdom, for misappropriation of public money. In addition he was instrumental in causing the abolition of slavery in UK to be delayed by 15 years. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Henry_Dundas,_1st_Viscount_Melville","address":"Dunmore Hill","place":"Comrie ","postcode":"PH6 2LX","lat":56.377361,"lng":-3.999063},{"title":"Henry Havelock Statue","description":"Henry Havelock was a British General known for his role in brutally suppressing the Indian rebellion of 1857. Havelock sieged and retook the city of Kanpur from anti-Empire rebels and massacred its occupiers. In the conflict as a whole, 800,000 Indians were killed by British troops.","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/sunderland-city-council-for-sunderland-council-to-launch-a-review-in-to-the-sir-henry-havelock-statue","address":"Mowbray Park","place":"Sunderland","postcode":"SR1 1QB","lat":"54.904155","lng":"-1.3814"},{"title":"Henry Morton Stanley","description":"African explorer noted for \"excessive violence, wanton destruction, the selling of labourers into slavery, the sexual exploitation of native women and the plundering of villages\" ","url":"https:\/\/historypoints.org\/index.php?page=henry-morton-stanley-sculpture-st-asaph","address":"Lower Street","place":"Saint Asaph","postcode":"LL17 0SG","lat":53.257422,"lng":-3.445685},{"title":"Equestrian statue of the Viscount Wolseley","description":"Statue of 19th century colonial field marshal Garnett Wolsley. Responsible for violently putting down the Red River Rebellion and ensuring Manitoba would join Canada as a white\/Anglo majority province, not a M\u00e9tis one as it wanted. He spread colonial oppression across three continents, fighting in Egypt's, India, Burma, modern Ghana, and Crimea. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Equestrian_statue_of_the_Viscount_Wolseley?wprov=sfla1","address":"13 Macclesfield St, Westminster","place":"London","postcode":" W1D 5BR","lat":51.511958,"lng":-0.131169},{"title":"William Beckford, Guildhall","description":"The evidence linking Beckford to imperial slavery is monumental. Beckford\u2019s inherited estate in Jamaica consisted of thirteen sugar plantations, and approximately 3000 slaves","url":"https:\/\/londongeographies.com\/migration\/the-statue-of-william-beckford-guildhall","address":"Basinghall St","place":"London","postcode":"EC2V 7HH","lat":51.515568,"lng":-0.091634},{"title":"\"Jim Crow\" Rock","description":"Large rock on the beach which is partly shaped like a bird's head. Racists have painted it to like like a stylised crow, with the legend \"Jim Crow\". It is thought this started with US servicemen based nearby, 1961-92. Periodically the racist theme is painted out, only for racists to re-instate it. Some even claim it's a tourist attraction. I do not know its status as of today. Best thing could be that the \"bird's head\" part of the rock is destroyed.","url":"https:\/\/sourcenews.scot\/craig-berry-the-jim-crow-rock-in-hunters-quay-should-make-us-reflect-on-racism-in-scotland\/","address":"opp 165 Marine Parade, Hunter's Quay, Dunoon, Argyllshire. 55.966794, -4.908494","place":"Dunoon, Argyllshire","postcode":"PA23 8HJ","lat":55.968783,"lng":-4.909428},{"title":"William Lever Blue Plaque","description":"William Lever, the first viscount of Leverhulme, cooperated with the Belgian colonisers in the Congo to use the Congolese people for forced labour. King Leoplod saw to the death of over 10 million Congolese. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/William_Lever,_1st_Viscount_Leverhulme#Africa","address":"Inverforth House, North End Way, ","place":"Hampstead","postcode":"NW3 7EU","lat":51.564897,"lng":-0.180956},{"title":"Sir John Colleton","description":"Blue plaque celebrating Colleton\u2019s introduction of the magnolia to the UK. He was a slave trader and Governor of S Carolina where he oversaw the Slave Codes (a system of punishments for slaves).","url":"https:\/\/www.ucl.ac.uk\/lbs\/\/media-new\/pdfs\/slavecodesanddevonmen.pdf ","address":"Outside library on Essex Road","place":"Exmouth ","postcode":"EX8 1PS","lat":50.621651,"lng":-3.411296},{"title":"Earl of Hopetoun Statue","description":"John Hope, the 4th Earl of Hopetoun, owned plantations in Grenada and Dominica. He helped to violently suppress the slave revolution in Grenada between 1795 and 1796, resulting in slavery continuing in Grenada for another almost 40 years.","url":"http:\/\/portal.historicenvironment.scot\/designation\/LB27862","address":"35 St Andrew Square","place":"Edinburgh","postcode":"EH2 2AD","lat":55.954867,"lng":-3.19194},{"title":"Nelson's Column","description":"Toppling statues? Here\u2019s why Nelson\u2019s column should be next\r\n\r\nhttps:\/\/www.theguardian.com\/commentisfree\/2017\/aug\/22\/toppling-statues-nelsons-column-should-be-next-slavery","url":"https:\/\/www.theguardian.com\/commentisfree\/2017\/aug\/22\/toppling-statues-nelsons-column-should-be-next-slavery","address":"A400 Trafalgar Square, London, United Kingdom","place":"London ","postcode":"SW1Y 5BJ","lat":51.507979,"lng":-0.129228},{"title":"Peel Tower","description":"Memorial for Robert Peel. High on a hill and visible for miles\r\n\r\nRobert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"Holcombe Hill, off Moorbottom Road","place":"Bury","postcode":"BL8 4NR","lat":"53.641569","lng":"-2.339683"},{"title":"Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive","description":"A commemoration of a man who colonised and conquered India for the East India Company for profit. ","url":"https:\/\/www.theguardian.com\/commentisfree\/2020\/jun\/11\/robert-clive-statue-whitehall-british-imperial","address":"King Charles Walk, Whitehall","place":"London","postcode":"SW19","lat":"51.421629","lng":"-0.186218"},{"title":"REMOVED: Colston statue, Colston Girls School","description":"'A school which is named after Edward Colston has removed a statue of him and is considering changing its name.\r\n\r\nColston's Girls' School took it down after a different statue of the 17th Century slave trader was thrown into Bristol's harbour during an anti-racism protest on Sunday.\r\n\r\nThe separate Colston's School, which was founded by the merchant, said it was also \"looking at\" a name change.\r\n\r\nBoth schools were set up using funds from the slave trader. The girls' school was opened in 1891, 170 years after Colston's death, and was funded through a financial endowment from the slave trader.'","url":"https:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/news\/uk-england-bristol-52978590","address":"Cheltenham Rd, Montpelier","place":"Bristol ","postcode":"BS6 5RD","lat":"51.467759","lng":"-2.591226"},{"title":"Statue of Admiral Sir George Somers","description":"He achieved renown as part of an expedition led by Sir Amyas Preston that plundered Caracas and Santa Ana de Coro in 1595, during the undeclared Anglo-Spanish War. He is remembered today as the founder of the English colony of Bermuda.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/George_Somers","address":"Langmore and Lister gardens","place":"Lyme Regis","postcode":"DT7 3JQ","lat":"50.723735","lng":"-2.935971"},{"title":"Lord Roberts Monument ","description":"British military commander Frederick Roberts (1832-1914) who fought in India and the Boer War and implanted concentration camps where at least 26,000 women and children died. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Frederick_Roberts,_1st_Earl_Roberts","address":"Kelvingrove Park","place":"Glasgow","postcode":"G3 6DL","lat":"55.869584","lng":"-4.280224"},{"title":"Peel Park ","description":"Robert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"Cliffe Rd","place":"Bradford","postcode":"BD3 0LT","lat":"53.805564","lng":"-1.746078"},{"title":"Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts statue","description":"Earl Roberts was the pioneer of the use of concentration camps in the 2nd Boer War. Also known for his brutal actions in putting down the Indian revolt including enslaving Indian captives to work on plantations.","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/glasgow-city-council-remove-the-racist-colonial-statue-of-frederick-roberts-in-the-kelvingrove-park","address":"Kelvingrove Park","place":"Glasgow","postcode":"G3 6DL","lat":55.869584,"lng":-4.280224},{"title":"Nelson Monument, Liverpool","description":"This statue depicts Admiral Nelson, vocal anti-abolitionist, surrounded by men in manacles. \r\n\r\nAdmiral Nelson once wrote in a letter \u201cI have ever been and shall die a firm friend to our present colonial system.\u201d He went on to explain: \u201cI was bred, as you know, in the good old school, and taught to appreciate the value of our West India possessions; and neither in the field or in the senate [House of Lords] shall their interest be infringed whilst I have an arm to fight in their defence, or a tongue to launch my voice against the damnable and cursed doctrine of Wilberforce and his hypocritical allies.\u201d\r\n\r\nAlthough the men in chains allegedly depict four of Nelson's victories in war, their proximity to the Liverpool Docks (at one time the largest slave port in the UK) coupled with Nelson's documented anti-abolitionist rhetoric clearly demand another reading. This statue occupies the centre of Liverpool's business district, in the square immediately behind the town hall.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Nelson_Monument,_Liverpool","address":"Exchange Flags","place":"Liverpool","postcode":"L23PF","lat":53.407981,"lng":-2.991912},{"title":"Martin\u2019s Bank Slavery Relief","description":"A stone relief at the entrance to Martin\u2019s bank building on Water Street which depicts the oppression and slavery of two African children. ","url":"https:\/\/commons.wikimedia.org\/wiki\/File:Slave_relief,_Martins_Bank_Liverpool.jpg","address":"4 Waters Street","place":"Liverpool","postcode":"L23SP","lat":"53.407113","lng":"-2.992388"},{"title":"Bodmin Beacon","description":"The 144 feet tall Beacon memorial was erected in 1856. It commemorates the service of Sir Walter Raleigh Gilbert in India, where in 1849 he lead a division of East India Company soldiers responsible for killing 6000 Sikhs during the Second Anglo-Sikh War.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Sir_Walter_Gilbert,_1st_Baronet","address":"","place":"Bodmin","postcode":"PL31 1BH","lat":50.463056,"lng":-4.721375},{"title":"Statue of Henry Austin Bruce, Lord of Aberdare","description":"Henry Austin Bruce was chairman of the National Africa Company, later the Royal Niger company, which established British colonisation in Nigeria ","url":"https:\/\/en.m.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Henry_Bruce,_1st_Baron_Aberdare; ","address":"Alexandra Gardens, Cathays Park","place":"Cardiff","postcode":"Cf103nb","lat":51.486484,"lng":-3.182662},{"title":"James George Smith Neill Statue","description":"A statue in honour of James George Smith Neill (1810-1857) who took part in the suppression of the First Indian War of Independence (1857). He is best known for his indiscriminate killing of civilians during the siege of Kanpur. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/James_George_Smith_Neill","address":"Wellington Square","place":"Ayr","postcode":"Ka7 1EN","lat":"55.461684","lng":"-4.636294"},{"title":"The East India estate ","description":"A series of roads named after East India company senior figures who oversaw the Indian Mutiny ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Indian_Rebellion_of_1857","address":"Elgin Road, Havelock Road, Clyde Road, Outram Road, Canning Road","place":"Croydon ","postcode":"Cr0 6xa","lat":"51.377172","lng":"-0.079144"},{"title":"Horniman Museum","description":"The Horniman Museum - Forest Hill. Frederick John Horniman was a tea magnate, plantation owner and collector who, among his collection included shrunken heads from native Papua New Guinea tribespeople. Arch colonialist, exploiter of empire and shameful collector of native human artefacts.","url":"https:\/\/www.horniman.ac.uk\/","address":"Forest Hill","place":"London","postcode":"SE23 3PQ","lat":51.441131,"lng":-0.060762},{"title":"Drax Avenue","description":"This street is named after the Drax family, local gentry that made their money running one of the largest sugar plantations in 17th-century Barbados. A multi-generational affair, brothers James and William Drax established the 1650s. While William went to expand the business in Jamaica, by 1680 Henry Drax ran the Barbados estate with 200 slaves.","url":"http:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/dorset\/content\/articles\/2007\/02\/28\/slavery_overview_feature.shtml","address":"Drax Avenue","place":"Wareham","postcode":"BH20","lat":50.696546,"lng":-2.10642},{"title":"H M Stanley column\/memorial","description":"Weird totem pole style memorial in honour of H M Stanley, raised shortly after the statue of the man in nearby Denbigh.","url":"https:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/news\/uk-wales-north-east-wales-13710941","address":"Lower Street","place":"St Asaph","postcode":"LL17 0SG","lat":53.257422,"lng":-3.445685},{"title":"William Beckford (1709\u20131770) ","description":"MP for Shaftesbury 1747\u201354 and for City of London 1754\u20131770 1755 Sheriff of London 1761 MP for City of London Lord Mayor of London 1762, 1769 and 1770 \tInherited sole interest in 13 sugar plantations in Jamaica and owned approximately 3,000 enslaved Africans; served in Jamaican National Assembly before returning to England in 1744 ","url":"https:\/\/academic.oup.com\/hwj\/article\/64\/1\/162\/600955","address":" Basinghall St, London ","place":"London","postcode":"EC2V 7HH","lat":51.515568,"lng":-0.091634},{"title":"Thomas Carlyle Statue","description":"The statue comprises of a bust of the Scottish historian and philosopher Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881). He is known for his racist essay 'Occasional Discourses on the Negro Question' (1849), which argued that slavery should not have been abolished. He alleged that freed slaves could never be economically productive due to essentialised and racialised characteristics, such as laziness, ignorance and violence. He was a staunch supporter of the British Governor of Jamaica Edward John Eyre and the violent measures he implemented to suppress the Morant Bay Rebellion (1865).","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Thomas_Carlyle","address":"Kelvingrove Park","place":"Glasgow","postcode":"G3 6BY","lat":"55.869354","lng":"-4.280978"},{"title":"Lord Roberts Monument","description":"A statue depicting Frederick Sleigh Roberts (1832-1914) on horseback. Roberts was part of the East India Company and helped suppress the First Indian War of Independence (1857). He later took part in the British invasion of Abyssinia (1868) and Afghanistan (1878-80). In 1885 he became Commander-in-Chief of British forces in India before being relocated to the same position in Ireland (1895). He then went onto command British forces in the Second Boer War (1899-1902) where he was instrumental in devising the world's first concentration camps.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Frederick_Roberts,_1st_Earl_Roberts","address":"Kelvingrove Park","place":"Glasgow","postcode":"G3 6DL","lat":"55.869584","lng":"-4.280224"},{"title":"Robert Baden-Powell","description":"Committed atrocities against the Zulus in his military career and was a Nazi\/fascist sympathiser.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Robert_Baden-Powell,_1st_Baron_Baden-Powell","address":"The Quay","place":"Poole","postcode":"BH15 1HJ","lat":50.712278,"lng":-1.986436},{"title":"Colston's School","description":"A school named after its founder, Edward Colston","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Edward_Colston","address":"Bell Hill, Stapleton","place":"Bristol ","postcode":"BS16 1BJ","lat":"51.480305","lng":"-2.555863"},{"title":"John Moore statue","description":"John Moore was a general who suppressed the slave revolt in the Caribbean island of St Lucia in 1796. There were many such revolts in the Caribbean after the French revolution. Racist histories often try to downplay the importance of these slave revolts in ending slavery - attributing abolition to the political efforts of well-connected white people. Chapter 4 of the attached web reference gives more information. ","url":"https:\/\/books.google.co.uk\/books?id=PSPq41PvagkC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false","address":"George Square","place":"Glasgow","postcode":"G1","lat":55.860737,"lng":-4.244422},{"title":"Robert Peel Statue ","description":"Robert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"Peel Park","place":"Bradford ","postcode":"BD2 4BX","lat":"53.810556","lng":"-1.745338"},{"title":"Captain James Cook","description":"James Cook was a colonialist who murdered Maori people in their homeland.","url":"https:\/\/statues.vanderkrogt.net\/object.php?webpage=ST&record=gbyh178","address":"","place":"Great Ayton","postcode":"TS96NE","lat":54.488523,"lng":-1.135914},{"title":"Jan Smuts statue","description":"Jan Smuts was the instigator of segregation and apartheid in South Africa and is commemorated by a statue in Parliament Square, just across from the statue of Nelson Mandela, who devoted his life to tearing down the racist institutions Smuts built","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Jan_Smuts","address":"Parliament Square","place":"London","postcode":"SW1P 3JX","lat":"51.500004","lng":"-0.127004"},{"title":"Robert Peel statue - Edgbaston","description":"Robert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"275 Pershore Road","place":"Birmingham","postcode":"B5 7RW","lat":"52.45497","lng":"-1.907762"},{"title":"Henry Havelock","description":"Havelock led the massacre of 1857 against the Indian people, and has been given a statue in Trafalgar Square. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Statue_of_Henry_Havelock,_Trafalgar_Square","address":"Trafalgar Square","place":"London","postcode":"WC2N 5DX","lat":51.507211,"lng":-0.128381},{"title":"Statue of Charles James Napier","description":"Napier was a general who led the military occupation of the Indian province of Sindh (now in Pakistan) in 1843 on behalf of the East India Company and was its colonial governor until 1847. Napier provoked a war with local leaders in order to provide a pretext for the occupation. Approximately 10,000 Indians were killed in the conquest. Napier's view of effective colonial rule is summed up in his comment that: \"if you get hold of any chap plundering your camels try what a flogging will do; but hang the next and keep his body guarded a sufficient time to hinder his people touching it: that will make the execution more effective.\" He admitted that economic gain was the only purpose of the colonial violence he perpetrated: \"Our object in conquering India, the object of all our cruelties was money.\"","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Statue_of_Charles_James_Napier,_Trafalgar_Square","address":"Trafalgar Square","place":"London","postcode":"WC2N 5DX","lat":51.507211,"lng":-0.128381},{"title":"Wills Memorial Building","description":"The Wills Memorial Building was commissioned in 1912 by George Alfred Wills and Henry Herbert Wills, the magnates of the Bristol tobacco company W. D. & H. O. Wills, in honour of their father, Henry Overton Wills III, benefactor and first Chancellor of the University who donated \u00a3100,000 to the University. the building dedicated to the university\u2019s first chancellor \u2013 a Bristolian cigarette manufacturer who profited from the slave trade.","url":"https:\/\/www.theguardian.com\/uk-news\/shortcuts\/2017\/mar\/29\/bristol-university-wills-memorial-building-escape-legacy-of-slavery","address":"University of Bristol, Queens Rd","place":"Bristol","postcode":"BS8 1QE","lat":"51.455783","lng":"-2.60519"},{"title":"Statue of Robert Clayton","description":"Lord Mayor and merchant baker Sir Robert Clayton was a major investor in the Royal African Company, which was the company most responsible for the English portion of the Atlantic Slave trade, but also engaged in the plunder of gold and other natural resources from West Africa. ","url":"https:\/\/academic.oup.com\/view-large\/9894519","address":"Westminster Bridge Rd, Bishop's, ","place":"London ","postcode":"SE1 7EH","lat":"51.497959","lng":"-0.118905"},{"title":"ELIHU YALE Wetherspoons Pub ","description":"This Wetherspoons Pub is named after Elihu Yale, a notorious Slave Trader of the 17th Century. Yale was president of the East India Company settlement in Fort St. George, at Madras.\r\n\r\nHe enforced a law that at least ten slaves should be carried on every ship bound for Europe. In his capacity as judge he also on several occasions sentenced so-called \"black criminals\" to whipping and enslavement.\r\n\r\nAfter a petition in 2017 the pub sign was removed which had shown Elihu Yale alongside a black slave in chains. There is currently a petition going round for this pub to no longer bear the name of a horrific slave trader. The management are saying that they are now 'considering a name change'. Please sign the petition below to apply pressure on them.","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/wrexham-council-to-change-the-elihu-yale-weatherspoons-in-wrexham-to-old-man-spoons","address":"44-46 Regent Street","place":"Wrexham","postcode":"LL11 1RR","lat":53.0472,"lng":-2.997181},{"title":"Robert Geffrye","description":"Robert Geffrye was an eminent East India Merchant. His statute is located on the Museum of the Home (until recently called The Geffrye Museum), which is housed in former Almshouses built from money left in his will","url":"https:\/\/you.38degrees.org.uk\/petitions\/remove-the-statue-of-robert-geffrye-in-hackney","address":"The Museum of the Home, Kingsland Road","place":"London","postcode":"E2 8EA","lat":"51.531556","lng":"-0.076271"},{"title":"REMOVED: Statue of Thomas Guy","description":"Thomas Guy was a major investor in the South Sea Company which was engaged in the slave trade, buying slaves from the Royal African Company. In particular, the company had contracts to kidnap people and deliver them to Jamaica.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Thomas_Guy#Investment_in_the_South_Sea_Company","address":"Guy's Hospital","place":"London ","postcode":"SE1 1XJ","lat":"51.504168","lng":"-0.089168"},{"title":"Rhodes Arts Complex","description":"A theatre, museum and performing arts venue, named after colonialist Cecil Rhodes, who was born in Bishop's Stortford. ","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/RenameRhodesBS","address":"1-3 South Street","place":"Bishop's Stortford","postcode":"CM23 3JG","lat":51.862552,"lng":0.163955},{"title":"Statue of General Nott in Nott Square, Carmarthen","description":"Statue commemorating General Nott's role as a British military leader in India, particularly his role in the Afghan War.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/William_Nott#Statue_of_General_Nott_in_Carmarthen","address":"Nott Square","place":"Carmarthen ","postcode":"SA31 1PQ","lat":51.856128,"lng":-4.306045},{"title":"Robert Peel Statue","description":"There's a statue of Robert Peel in Manchester that you've flagged. There's another one in the middle of Bury that I endured walking to college past every day.\r\n\r\nRobert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"","place":"Bury","postcode":"BL9 0LA","lat":"53.594168","lng":"-2.297859"},{"title":"Christopher Columbus","description":"Colonizer and slave trader. Abuser and exterminator of Native American indigenous communites. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Christopher_Columbus#Slavery_and_serfdom","address":"Belgrave Square Garden, Belgravia, London","place":"London","postcode":"SW1X 8PQ","lat":51.498542,"lng":-0.155087},{"title":"Robert Peel","description":"Robert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"Winkley Square","place":"Preston ","postcode":"PR1 3JD","lat":"53.756846","lng":"-2.700969"},{"title":"The Leverhulme Memorial","description":"Commemorating the philanthropic work of William Leverhulme, who made his fortune in soap making through forced labour slavery on his palm oil plantations in the Belgian Congo which were leased to him from his close friend King Leopold II, long after slavery was officially ended in Britain. Lever himself is not depicted on the monument.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/William_Lever,_1st_Viscount_Leverhulme#Africa","address":"Outside Lady Lever Art Gallery","place":"Wirral ","postcode":"CH62 5EQ","lat":"53.355756","lng":"-2.999338"},{"title":"REMOVED: Sir Robert Clayton statue","description":"Member of Court of Assistants, RAC, 1672\u20131682, married daughter of Bermuda merchant and was Factor in Bermuda ","url":"https:\/\/academic.oup.com\/view-large\/9894519","address":"St Thomas' Hospital, Westminster Bridge Road","place":"London","postcode":"SE1 7EH","lat":"51.497959","lng":"-0.118905"},{"title":"REMOVED: Blue Plaque to Admiral Sir Edward Codrington","description":"From Legacies of British Slave-ownership:\r\n\r\n\"Son of Sir William Codrington 1st bart and father of Christopher Bethell Codrington, Admiral Edward Codrington, Caroline Walrond (each of whom q.v.). London merchant, partner with John Miller. Inherited the Folly estate on Antigua from his father in 1741. The estate is not mentioned in his own will but he left his unspecified plantations in Antigua and elsewhere in the West Indies equally among his five children.\"","url":"https:\/\/www.theargus.co.uk\/news\/18514212.brighton-plaque-slave-owning-admiral-taken\/","address":"140 Western Road","place":"Brighton","postcode":"BN1 2LA","lat":"50.824953","lng":"-0.151267"},{"title":"Lord Kitchener","description":"Your country needs you! To remove this statue. Oversaw the \"scorched earth policy\"and interment of over 100,000 Boer and Black African civilians in concentration camps during the Anglo-Boer war. About 1 in 6 prisoners died.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/British_concentration_camps","address":"Khartoum road","place":"Chatham","postcode":"ME4 4UB","lat":"51.387336","lng":"0.525845"},{"title":"Robert Peel","description":"Robert Peel was instrumental in founding the Metropolitan Police, the first modern police force; the British empire exported its methods, surveillance and violence towards marginalised communities all over the world.\r\n\r\nRobert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"Woodhouse Moor","place":"Leeds","postcode":"LS6 1AQ","lat":"53.814317","lng":"-1.561873"},{"title":"Ronald A. Fisher Memorial Window","description":"A stained glass window to commemorate the eugenicist Ronald A. Fisher at Gonville and Caius College","url":"https:\/\/commons.wikimedia.org\/wiki\/File:Fisher-stainedglass-gonville-caius.jpg","address":"Gonville and Caius College","place":"Cambridge","postcode":"CB2 1TA","lat":52.2059,"lng":0.117944},{"title":"RENAMING: Colston Tower","description":"\"A sign bearing the name of slave trader Edward Colston is being removed from the top of an office block in Bristol City Centre...\r\n\r\nIt goes on to state a new name for the tower would be agreed with its tenants.\"","url":"https:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/news\/uk-england-bristol-53011775","address":"Colston Tower, Colston Street","place":"Bristol","postcode":"BS1 5AQ","lat":"51.454563","lng":"-2.597561"},{"title":"Robert Peel Statue - Tamworth","description":"Robert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"27 Market St","place":"Tamworth","postcode":"B79 7LR","lat":"52.633038","lng":"-1.696286"},{"title":"Robert Peel Statue - Leeds","description":"Robert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\nhttps:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"Woodhouse Moor","place":"Leeds","postcode":"LS6 1AQ","lat":"53.814317","lng":"-1.561873"},{"title":"Statue of Sir Robert Peel","description":"Robert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"1 Moor View","place":"Woodhouse, Leeds","postcode":"LS6 1AQ","lat":"53.814317","lng":"-1.561873"},{"title":"Sir Robert Peel","description":"Robert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"Woodhouse Moor","place":"Leeds","postcode":"LS61AQ","lat":"53.814317","lng":"-1.561873"},{"title":"The Lendy Memorial Lion","description":"Memorial statue to remember two colonising brothers, Captain Edward August Lendy & Captain Charles Frederick Lendy, both responsible for murdering African tribes with machine gun fire.","url":"http:\/\/www.rhodesiansoldier.com\/whos-lendy.html","address":"Pantiles Court, 79 St The Walled Garden Thames, Thames St","place":"Sunbury-on-Thames","postcode":"TW16 6AB","lat":51.40588,"lng":-0.408205},{"title":"Codrington Library ","description":"Library funded by slave owner Christopher Codrington. There is a statue of Christopher Codrington at the centre of the library, and it bears his name. \r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/history\/british\/abolition\/building_britain_gallery_06.shtml","address":"All Souls College","place":"Oxford ","postcode":"OX1 4AL","lat":"51.753748","lng":"-1.253344"},{"title":"Beckford School","description":"Primary School originally named after William Beckford, slave owner ","url":"http:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/wiltshire\/content\/articles\/2007\/03\/06\/abolition_fonthill_abbey_feature.shtml","address":"Dornfell St, West Hampstead, ","place":"London","postcode":"NW6 1QL","lat":51.550753,"lng":-0.199482},{"title":"Sir Robert Peel","description":"Robert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".\r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.britannica.com\/biography\/Robert-Peel","address":"George Square","place":"Glasgow","postcode":"G2 1DU","lat":"55.86874","lng":"-4.243491"},{"title":"Goldsmiths Uni 'Deptford Town Hall' building statues","description":"Statues of slave pioneers Francis Drake and Horatio Nelson","url":"https:\/\/www.gold.ac.uk\/about\/history\/dth-statues\/","address":"Goldsmiths Deptford Town Hall","place":"London","postcode":"SE14 6AF","lat":"51.475392","lng":"-0.03745"},{"title":"William Gladstone statue","description":"Large blue statue of Prime Minister William Gladstone in the grounds of Gladstone's Library, in a prominent position in the centre of Hawarden village. The nearby Hawarden Estate and castle remain inhabited by the Gladstone\/Glynne dynasty, all plantation owners. In William Gladstone's maiden speech to Parliament, he defended slavery. He fought for compensation for slave owners. His father, John Gladstone, received the largest compensation payment of anyone in the UK, suggesting he owned the most slaves in the country at the time of abolition. \r\n\r\nOther monuments and statues exist throughout the village.","url":"https:\/\/statues.vanderkrogt.net\/object.php?webpage=ST&record=gbwa001","address":"Gladstone's Library, Church Lane","place":"Hawarden","postcode":"CH5 3DF","lat":53.18593,"lng":-3.027141},{"title":"Thomas Phillips","description":"Memorial plaque to Thomas Phillips, captain of the slave ship Hannibal, who lived in Brecon. Erected in 2010, it makes no mention of the slavery connection despite Phillips writing about the voyage, during which half the enslaved Africans perished. \r\nChris Evans' book includes details about the Hannibal voyage. Evans, C. 2010. Slave Wales: The Welsh and Atlantic Slavery. Cardiff, University of Wales ","url":"www.brh.org.uk\/site\/articles\/update-brecon-plaque-commemorates-slave-trader\/","address":"Captain's Walk","place":"Brecon","postcode":"LD3 7DS","lat":51.945538,"lng":-3.391575},{"title":"REMOVED: Edward Colston","description":"Edward Colston was a slave trader. Now his statue is underwater. Blub.","url":"https:\/\/twitter.com\/bbcrb\/status\/1269644536281776128","address":"Bristol Harbour","place":"Bristol","postcode":"BS1 4SB","lat":"51.450265","lng":"-2.598167"},{"title":"Statue of Robert Clive, Whitehall","description":"Historian William Dalrymple, in his book on the East India Company, quite plainly calls Clive a sociopath. He looted India, and even if the profits of this hadn't lined his own pockets, what he did was grotesque. And yet massive statue sits by the treasury. The statue was erected well after his death, and after the behavior of Clive's East India Company had been criticised widely in British society. It was apparently pushed by Lord Curzon, who also presided over famine in India. ","url":"https:\/\/www.theguardian.com\/commentisfree\/2020\/jun\/11\/robert-clive-statue-whitehall-british-imperial","address":"King Charles St, Westminster","place":"London ","postcode":"SW1A 2AQ","lat":"51.502164","lng":"-0.126599"},{"title":"Sir Henry De la Beche - name on front of Imperial College (old Royal School of Mines)","description":"Sir Henry De la Beche's name is, among others, inscribed on the front of the geology dept at Imperial College. He was a slave owner who did his \"seminal\" geological work surveying his plantations, and was a vocal opposer of abolition. For over a year students have been trying to get a society at the college named after him to change too. ","url":"https:\/\/www.londonremembers.com\/memorials\/de-la-beche-at-ic","address":"Royal School of Mines, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, ","place":"London ","postcode":"SW7 2AZ","lat":51.498317,"lng":-0.176923},{"title":"Galton Lecture Theatre, UCL","description":"UCL was once the hub of the eugenics movement in this country. Francis Galton was practically the father of eugenics, having coined the term. The 'Francis Galton Laboratory for National Eugenics' operated as an official institute for the study of eugenics at UCL. Other prominent figures such as Pearson and Petrie were believers in eugenics.\r\n\r\nSeveral places at UCL are named in honour of these eugenicists to this day. The main ones are the Galton Lecture Theatre, the Petrie Museum, and the Pearson Building.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Eugenics#Origin_and_development","address":"UCL","place":"Gower Street","postcode":"WC1E 6BT","lat":"51.523569","lng":"-0.132424"},{"title":"RENAMING: Colston Hall","description":"'Bristol Music Trust has committed to changing the name of Colston Hall, the city\u2019s flagship concert venue, by the autumn following the removal of the Edward Colston statue in the city centre during last weekend\u2019s Black Lives Matter protest.\r\n\r\nUntil the new name is announced, the trust has said the external signage on the building is being removed \u201cas a demonstration of our commitment\u201d.'","url":"https:\/\/www.theguardian.com\/music\/2020\/jun\/08\/bristol-colston-hall-name-change-autumn-2020-bristol-music-trust","address":"Colston Street","place":"Bristol","postcode":"BS1 5AR","lat":"51.454785","lng":"-2.598254"},{"title":"Redvers Buller","description":"A bronze equestrian statue of Buller by Adrian Jones (1905) is situated in Exeter, at the junction of New North Road and Hele Road, near St David's Church, on the route between the City and Buller's home at Downes, Crediton.","url":"https:\/\/en.m.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Redvers_Buller","address":"Hele Road","place":"Exeter","postcode":"EX4 4JS","lat":50.728223,"lng":-3.538392},{"title":"Colin Campbell (Lord Clyde)","description":"As Brigade Major under Governor Major General John Murray of Demerara-Essequibo in Guyana, Campbell was instrumental in crushing the 1823 slave uprising at Demerara-Essequibo. Quamina, the leader of the uprising and a hero of modern Guyana, was executed along with other ring leaders, and their bodies were left by the roadside, their rotting heads on poles or corpses in chains, as a warning to other slaves. Campbell later left the crushing of the slave uprising out of his personal memoirs, in an attempt to evade abolitionist scrutiny. \r\n\r\nMuch later in his career, Campbell was appointed Commander-in-Chief of India and quelled the 1857 Indian Mutiny, ushering in a decade during which millions of Indians died to British reprisals and to adverse infrastructural conditions resulting in widespread famine as a result of the ruthlessness with which the Mutiny had been suppressed. ","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Colin_Campbell,_1st_Baron_Clyde","address":"George Square Glasgow G2 1AL","place":"Glasgow","postcode":"G2 1AL","lat":"55.860391","lng":"-4.249866"},{"title":"Nancy Astor - prominent Nazi supporter","description":"In a shameful example of us not learning our history from statues, there is now a statue of Nancy Astor, an anti-semite and a Nazi supporter, and yes, a woman MP, in Plymouth. \r\nThis monument should never have been erected and should be taken down.","url":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Nancy_Astor,_Viscountess_Astor#Anti-Catholic,_anti-Semitic_and_anti-Communist_views","address":"Hoe Park","place":"Plymouth","postcode":"PL1 2PE","lat":50.36546,"lng":-4.14663},{"title":"Picton Memorial","description":"A needle commemorating Sir Thomas Picton famous for his brutality in Trinidad and involvement with the slave trade. ","url":"https:\/\/www.thepetitionsite.com\/en-gb\/251\/323\/762\/end-commemoration-of-colonial-murderer-%E2%80%98sir%E2%80%99-thomas-picton-picton-memorial-carmarthen\/?taf_id=65949028&cid=fb_na","address":"Picton Terrace","place":"Carmarthen","postcode":"SA31 3DF","lat":51.856189,"lng":-4.316649},{"title":"Statue of Francis Drake","description":"Statue of Francis Drake, on a roundabout. Francis Drake is remembered in the history books as an English sea captain and was commemorated in 1884 with a bronze statue displayed within Plymouth. However, what people fail to remember is Francis' contribution to the slave trade with his cousin John Hawkins, in which he would attack native villages or steal human cargo from Portuguese slave ships he attacked and transport the slaves to the Spanish Caribbean and sell them off to local plantations. Between 1552-1567, they made three voyages to Guinea and Sierra Leone and enslaved between 1,200 and 1,400 Africans. According to slavers' accounts of the time this would probably have involved the death of three times that number.","url":"https:\/\/www.devonguide.com\/photos\/francis-drake-statue-tavistock.htm","address":"Drakes Roundabout, ","place":"Tavistock","postcode":"PL198DB","lat":50.544358,"lng":-4.153348},{"title":"Rename Colston Road in Mortlake","description":"Edward Colston was a slave trader who was head of the Royal African Company. During his time with the company, they transported an estimated 84,000 men, women and children. The names of these individuals are largely unknown today however, Colston's name is memorialised throughout the UK. The statue in Bristol memorialising him was torn down yet there are other remnants of him around such as Colston Road in Mortlake.","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/richmond-council-rename-colston-road-in-mortlake","address":"Colston Road","place":"Mortlake","postcode":"SW14 7NX","lat":51.464319,"lng":-0.26781},{"title":"Rename Blundell House and stop glorifying Bryan Blundell","description":"I and many others are appalled that the Liverpool Blue Coat School continues to celebrate its slave trading founder, Bryan Blundell. The founder of the Blue Coat School owned slave ships, on which many slaves died before they even made it across the Atlantic to begin their lives in chains. He made a fortune in goods produced by slaves, such as tobacco. \r\n\r\nI am calling on Blue Coat to rename Blundell House to something more appropriate, rename the Blundell Suite, significantly change the emphasis of Founders Day to truly reflect history, and remove anything else in the school that glorifies Bryan Blundell.","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/liverpool-blue-coat-school-liverpool-blue-coat-stop-celebrating-slavery","address":"Liverpool Blue Coat School","place":"Liverpool","postcode":"L15 9EE","lat":53.393627,"lng":-2.916297},{"title":"Rename Rhodes Arts Complex and Rhodes Avenue","description":"Bishop's Stortford is the birthplace of coloniser and colossal racist Cecil Rhodes. One of Rhodes's primary motivations in politics and business was his professed belief that the Anglo-Saxon race was, to quote his will, \"the first race in the world\". Under the reasoning that \"the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race.\" By retaining his name on community projects and roads throughout the town (and wider country - his statue at Oxford University), we are immortalising him and in essence condoning what he did.","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/east-herts-district-council-rename-rhodes-arts-complex-and-rhodes-avenue-in-bishop-s-stortford","address":"","place":"Bishop's Stortford","postcode":"CM23 3JG","lat":51.862552,"lng":0.163955},{"title":"Francis Drake","description":"Francis Drake is remembered in the history books as an English sea captain and was commemorated in 1884 with a bronze statue displayed within Plymouth. However, what people fail to remember is Francis' contribution to the slave trade with his cousin John Hawkins, in which he would attack native villages or steal human cargo from Portuguese slave ships he attacked and transport the slaves to the Spanish Caribbean and sell them off to local plantations. Between 1552-1567, they made three voyages to Guinea and Sierra Leone and enslaved between 1,200 and 1,400 Africans. According to slavers' accounts of the time this would probably have involved the death of three times that number.","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/plymouth-city-council-remove-the-francis-drake-in-plymouth","address":"Plymouth Hoe","place":"Plymouth","postcode":"PL1 2NZ","lat":50.363751,"lng":-4.142278},{"title":"H M Stanley","description":"Out of respect to the Black Lives Matter campaign, the statue of Stanley should be removed from Denbigh town centre immediately. This man was known for his brutal treatment of Africans to the extent that he used to shoot black children from his boat to calibrate his rifle sights while sailing down river. \r\n","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/denbigh-town-council-remove-the-statue-of-stanley-from-denbigh-town-centre","address":"Hall Sq","place":"Denbigh","postcode":"LL16 3NU","lat":53.183588,"lng":-3.418178},{"title":"Henry Dundas","description":"This is a petition to remove the statue of Henry Dundas, the First Viscount Melville, from St Andrew's square and rename Dundas Street, Melville Street, and Melville Crescent. He was solely responsible for delaying the abolition of slavery in 1792, causing another 15 years of people being kidnapped, shipped to, and enslaved in Britain (that's around 630,000 more people) from which he directly benefited from.","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/the-scottish-government-remove-the-statue-of-henry-dundas-and-rename-the-streets-he-s-named-after-in-edinburgh","address":"St Andrew's Square","place":"Edinburgh","postcode":"EH1 3DQ","lat":55.955167,"lng":-3.191131},{"title":"REMOVED: Robert Milligan","description":"Robert Milligan (1746-1809) was a leading figure in building the east London docks, in part, to trade in slave-harvested goods from the Caribbean. Milligan owned 526 slaves who worked at his sugar plantation and much of his wealth was acquired through the trade and exploitation of slaves. While we as East Enders and Londoners express our solidarity chanting Black Lives Matter, it is painful to walk past a proud statue of Robert Milligan which was erected to commemorate and celebrate his life.\r\n\r\n","url":"https:\/\/you.38degrees.org.uk\/petitions\/remove-slave-trader-robert-mulligan-s-statue-from-west-india-quay-tower-hamlets","address":"West India Quay","place":"Tower Hamlets, London","postcode":"E14 4AL","lat":"51.507618","lng":"-0.02386"},{"title":"Robert Clive","description":"Robert Clive, otherwise known as Clive of India, is celebrated on a plinth in the main square of Shrewsbury, Shropshire. But if we are to start to address and destroy everyday racism in the UK today, we must confront the racism this statue embodies and bring it down. Clive played a central role in seizing control of a large swathe of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and other parts of Southeast Asia.","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/shropshire-council-bring-down-racist-clive-statue-in-shrewsbury-square","address":"The Square","place":"Shrewsbury, Shropshire","postcode":"SY1 1LA","lat":52.707626,"lng":-2.754542},{"title":"Robert Peel","description":"I am starting this petition and the #RepealPeel movement to highlight the endemic racism that continues to plague Manchester and the fact that this city was built on slavery. I recognise and remember the often-ignored black victims of Manchester\u2019s involvement in the slave trade and the plantation economy to accumulate its obscene wealth, historic cultural institutions and powerful centres of knowledge. \r\n\r\nRobert Peel created the modern police force in 1829. His family wealth came from slavery: his father was actively pro-slavery and circulated a pro-slavery petition in 1806, the year before the abolition of the slave trade. It was the family fortune that allowed him to be elected to parliament: \"with his father\u2019s money, a parliamentary seat was found for him as soon as he came of age, in 1809\".","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/manchester-remove-the-robert-peel-statue-from-piccadilly-gardens-manchester-blm-repealpeel","address":"Piccadilly Gardens","place":"Manchester","postcode":"M60 1AY","lat":"53.481552","lng":"-2.238422"},{"title":"Black man's head caricature, Green Man","description":"Anybody who lives in Ashbourne will be familiar with the imagery this petition refers to; a racist cartoonish depiction of a black man's head hanging over St John's Street. This kind of disgusting racist imagery has NO place in 2020 and should have been removed many many years ago. ","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/sarah-dines-remove-the-racist-caricature-of-a-black-man-s-head-from-the-green-man-sign-ashbourne","address":"Green Man","place":"Ashbourne","postcode":"DE6 1GH","lat":53.017469,"lng":-1.731688},{"title":"Cecil Rhodes","description":"Oriel College, University of Oxford, has refused to take down this statue of Rhodes despite protests. Oxford claims to be in support of creating an equal space for students of all backgrounds, but how can they with a glorified white supremacist as a figurehead for one of their colleges? Oxford needs to take down the statue of Cecil Rhodes if they are ever to prove that the University is truly dedicated to equality and racial justice.","url":"https:\/\/www.change.org\/p\/oriel-college-university-of-oxford-remove-your-racist-statue","address":"Oriel College","place":"Oxford","postcode":"OX1 4EW","lat":"51.751531","lng":"-1.253902"}]